ICMP

Só para refrescar a memória quando for fazer um firewall de novo.

#define ICMP_ECHOREPLY 0 /* echo reply */
#define ICMP_UNREACH 3 /* dest unreachable, codes: */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_NET 0 /* bad net */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_HOST 1 /* bad host */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_PROTOCOL 2 /* bad protocol */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_PORT 3 /* bad port */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_NEEDFRAG 4 /* IP_DF caused drop */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_SRCFAIL 5 /* src route failed */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_NET_UNKNOWN 6 /* unknown net */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_UNKNOWN 7 /* unknown host */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_ISOLATED 8 /* src host isolated */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_NET_PROHIB 9 /* prohibited access */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_PROHIB 10 /* ditto */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_TOSNET 11 /* bad tos for net */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_TOSHOST 12 /* bad tos for host */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_FILTER_PROHIB 13 /* admin prohib */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_HOST_PRECEDENCE 14 /* host prec vio. */
#define ICMP_UNREACH_PRECEDENCE_CUTOFF 15 /* prec cutoff */
#define ICMP_SOURCEQUENCH 4 /* packet lost, slow down */
#define ICMP_REDIRECT 5 /* shorter route, codes: */
#define ICMP_REDIRECT_NET 0 /* for network */
#define ICMP_REDIRECT_HOST 1 /* for host */
#define ICMP_REDIRECT_TOSNET 2 /* for tos and net */
#define ICMP_REDIRECT_TOSHOST 3 /* for tos and host */
#define ICMP_ECHO 8 /* echo service */
#define ICMP_ROUTERADVERT 9 /* router advertisement */
#define ICMP_ROUTERSOLICIT 10 /* router solicitation */
#define ICMP_TIMXCEED 11 /* time exceeded, code: */
#define ICMP_TIMXCEED_INTRANS 0 /* ttl==0 in transit */
#define ICMP_TIMXCEED_REASS 1 /* ttl==0 in reass */
#define ICMP_PARAMPROB 12 /* ip header bad */
#define ICMP_PARAMPROB_ERRATPTR 0 /* error at param ptr */
#define ICMP_PARAMPROB_OPTABSENT 1 /* req. opt. absent */
#define ICMP_TSTAMP 13 /* timestamp request */
#define ICMP_TSTAMPREPLY 14 /* timestamp reply */
#define ICMP_IREQ 15 /* information request */
#define ICMP_IREQREPLY 16 /* information reply */
#define ICMP_MASKREQ 17 /* address mask request */
#define ICMP_MASKREPLY 18 /* address mask reply */


E quem chegar por aqui através de um Google da vida e estiver fazendo um firewall, "pulamordedeus", não bloqueia "-p icmp -j DROP". Entenda primeiro para que serve o que você está bloqueando e você viverá feliz para sempre.

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